Brexit: UK to leave single market, says Theresa May

Media captionTheresa May confirmed that the final deal would be put to the vote in Parliament

Theresa May has said the UK "cannot possibly" remain within the European single market, as staying in it would mean "not leaving the EU at all".

But the prime minister promised to push for the "freest possible trade" with European countries and to sign new deals with others around the world.

She also announced Parliament would get to vote on the final deal agreed between the UK and the EU.

But Labour warned of "enormous dangers" in the prime minister's plans.

Mrs May used her much-anticipated speech to announce her priorities for Brexit negotiations, including maintaining the common travel area between the UK and Irish Republic and "control" of migration between the UK and the EU.

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Mrs May said there would not be a "blow-by-blow" account of negotiations, set to begin after Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty is invoked by the end of March.

It was not her intention to "undermine" the EU or the single market, she added, but she warned against a "punitive" reaction to Brexit, as it would bring "calamitous self-harm for the countries of Europe and it would not be the act of a friend".

She added: "I am equally clear that no deal for Britain is better than a bad deal for Britain."

Analysis

By Laura Kuenssberg, BBC political editor

Since the referendum she and her ministers have simply refused to be so explicit.

For months some ministers have privately whispered about complex solutions that might keep elements of membership, the choices not being binary, mechanisms that might give a sort of membership with a different name.

Well, no more. The simple and clear message from Theresa May's speech this morning is that we are out.

Read Laura's blog here

The prime minister had some strong words of advice for the EU and its treatment of member states, arguing it could "hold things together by force, tightening a vice-like grip that ends up crushing into tiny pieces the very things you want to protect" or "respect difference, cherish it even".

But the most keenly awaited part of the speech dealt with the UK's post-Brexit trading relationship with the rest of Europe.

Any agreement with the EU must "allow for the freest possible trade in goods and services", Mrs May said. "But I want to be clear: what I am proposing cannot mean membership of the single market.

"It would, to all intents and purposes, mean not leaving the EU at all. That is why both sides in the referendum campaign made it clear that a vote to leave the EU would be a vote to leave the single market."

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EU leaders have warned that the UK cannot "cherry-pick" access to the single market – which allows the free movement of goods, services and workers between its members – while at the same time restricting the free movement of people.

Mrs May said the UK wanted to "continue to attract the brightest and the best to work or study" in Britain, but immigration policy had to be "managed properly" to serve "the national interest".

She added: "So we will get control of the number of people coming to Britain from the EU."

And Mrs May indicated the UK's relationship with the customs union – under which EU countries do not impose tariffs on each other's goods, while all imposing the same tariff on goods imported from outside the EU – would change.

Media captionSome of the headlines from Theresa May's vision for future UK-EU relations

She said she did not want the country to be "bound" by the shared external tariffs. Instead, the UK would be "striking our own comprehensive trade agreements with other countries".

Addressing an audience including senior ministers and foreign ambassadors in central London, Mrs May said the UK had "voted for a brighter future for our country" and would become "stronger, fairer, more united" after Brexit. She said the country had always been "profoundly internationalist" and would remain so.

To the 27 other EU member states, she said: "We will continue to be reliable partners, willing allies and close friends. We want to buy your goods, sell you ours, trade with you as freely as possible, and work with one another to make sure we are all safer, more secure and more prosperous through continued friendship."

Mrs May, who backed Remain in the referendum, called for a "new and equal partnership" with the EU, "not partial membership of the European Union, associate membership of the European Union, or anything that leaves us half-in, half-out".

"We do not seek to adopt a model already enjoyed by other countries. We do not seek to hold on to bits of membership as we leave."

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Voters choosing Brexit had done so "with their eyes open", the prime minister said, and the country was "coming together". "Now we need to put an end to the division and the language associated with it – Leaver and Remainer and all the accompanying insults – and unite to make a success of Brexit and build a truly global Britain," she added.

When asked about the prime minister's promise of a parliamentary vote following Brexit negotiations, her spokeswoman said: "You can regard it as binding." Pressed on what would happen if MPs or peers rejected any deal, she replied: "Either way, we will very clearly be leaving the EU."

Until now, Mrs May has revealed little of her strategy for the talks, which could last up to two years – or go on longer if all 28 EU members think this is necessary.

Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn argued that the prime minister still needed to "be clearer" about her long-term objectives, and that she she wanted to "have her cake and eat it" over the single market.

He added: "I think we have to have a deal that ensures we have access to the market – we have British jobs dependent on that market – that's what we'll be pushing for."

Mr Corbyn also said: "There are enormous dangers in all of this and when she talks about future trade arrangements, all she said was that Donald Trump said we'd be first in the queue – first in the queue for an investor protection-type treaty? I don't know exactly what she has in mind on that."

Media captionThe PM's speech was about an "extreme version of Brexit" says the Liberal Democrat leader

UK voters opted for Brexit in last June's referendum by 51.9% to 48.1%.

After Mrs May's speech Liberal Democrat leader Tim Farron said: "Hard Brexit was never on the ballot paper. Ripping us out of the single market was not something proposed to the British people. This is a theft of democracy."

UKIP leader Paul Nuttall said he feared a "slow-motion Brexit", adding: "We want this done quickly. We want a clean break with the European Union, a free trade deal, and then we can get on as a free, independent nation."

Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon claimed leaving the single market would be "economically catastrophic". She hinted at a second independence referendum, saying Scotland – which voted against Brexit – should have "the ability to choose between that and a different future".

In a statement, the Irish government said the UK's "approach is now firmly that of a country which will have left the EU but which seeks to negotiate a new, close relationship with it". It added it was "acutely aware of the potential risks and challenges for the Irish economy" but also of "the potential economic opportunities that may arise".

Michel Barnier, the European Commission's chief Brexit negotiator, tweeted: "Ready as soon as UK is. Only notification (that is, invoking Article 50) can kick off negotiations."

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